Religious problems continue. All Protestants are ordered to leave the country if they continue to practice the teachings of Protestantism. Dimitz relates how and why the largest peasant uprising (over 20,000 in total) took place in response to unacceptable demands placed upon them by their caretakers. In this era the Turks are finally defeated, postal service begins, hospitals are built, and roads are improved. Counter- reformation begins in the larger cities and market towns and ends under Ferdinand II.